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Charakterizace rekombinantní lidské serinracemasy
dc.contributor.advisorKonvalinka, Jan
dc.creatorHoffman, Hillary Elizabeth
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-03T20:09:23Z
dc.date.available2019-05-03T20:09:23Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11956/23596
dc.description.abstract6 Brief Abstract The pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent enzyme serine racemase (SR) is responsible for the biosynthesis of D-serine in the mammalian central nervous system. D-serine acts as a neurotransmitter and coagonist, together with L-glutamate, of ionotropic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs). Excitotoxic D-serine levels have been implicated in neuropathologies including Alzheimer's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. SR inhibitors offer a novel and potentially highly specific approach for attenuation of NMDAR-mediated glutamate excitotoxicity and for further study of the pathway. Many of the SR inhibitors described to date are small, naturally occurring compounds, and novel structures capable of influencing SR's activity are highly sought after. Moreover, structural information about this enigmatic enzyme is lacking, and suitable animal models need to be identified for inhibitor studies. This thesis presents the first published biochemical comparison of mouse and human SR orthologs, validating, at least in part, the use of mouse models in SR research. Additionally, hydroxamic acids are introduced as a novel class of SR inhibitors. While the experimentally determined structure of a mammalian SR remains elusive, random and site-directed mutagenesis experiments in combination with multiple...en_US
dc.description.abstract6 Brief Abstract The pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent enzyme serine racemase (SR) is responsible for the biosynthesis of D-serine in the mammalian central nervous system. D-serine acts as a neurotransmitter and coagonist, together with L-glutamate, of ionotropic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs). Excitotoxic D-serine levels have been implicated in neuropathologies including Alzheimer's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. SR inhibitors offer a novel and potentially highly specific approach for attenuation of NMDAR-mediated glutamate excitotoxicity and for further study of the pathway. Many of the SR inhibitors described to date are small, naturally occurring compounds, and novel structures capable of influencing SR's activity are highly sought after. Moreover, structural information about this enigmatic enzyme is lacking, and suitable animal models need to be identified for inhibitor studies. This thesis presents the first published biochemical comparison of mouse and human SR orthologs, validating, at least in part, the use of mouse models in SR research. Additionally, hydroxamic acids are introduced as a novel class of SR inhibitors. While the experimentally determined structure of a mammalian SR remains elusive, random and site-directed mutagenesis experiments in combination with multiple...cs_CZ
dc.languageEnglishcs_CZ
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherUniverzita Karlova, Přírodovědecká fakultacs_CZ
dc.titleCharacterization of recombinant human serine racemaseen_US
dc.typedizertační prácecs_CZ
dcterms.created2010
dcterms.dateAccepted2010-02-11
dc.description.departmentDepartment of Biochemistryen_US
dc.description.departmentKatedra biochemiecs_CZ
dc.description.facultyFaculty of Scienceen_US
dc.description.facultyPřírodovědecká fakultacs_CZ
dc.identifier.repId83669
dc.title.translatedCharakterizace rekombinantní lidské serinracemasycs_CZ
dc.contributor.refereeKřen, Vladimír
dc.contributor.refereeČeřovská, Noemi
dc.identifier.aleph001200145
thesis.degree.namePh.D.
thesis.degree.leveldoktorskécs_CZ
thesis.degree.discipline-cs_CZ
thesis.degree.discipline-en_US
thesis.degree.programBiochemiecs_CZ
thesis.degree.programBiochemistryen_US
uk.thesis.typedizertační prácecs_CZ
uk.taxonomy.organization-csPřírodovědecká fakulta::Katedra biochemiecs_CZ
uk.taxonomy.organization-enFaculty of Science::Department of Biochemistryen_US
uk.faculty-name.csPřírodovědecká fakultacs_CZ
uk.faculty-name.enFaculty of Scienceen_US
uk.faculty-abbr.csPřFcs_CZ
uk.degree-discipline.cs-cs_CZ
uk.degree-discipline.en-en_US
uk.degree-program.csBiochemiecs_CZ
uk.degree-program.enBiochemistryen_US
thesis.grade.csProspěl/acs_CZ
thesis.grade.enPassen_US
uk.abstract.cs6 Brief Abstract The pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent enzyme serine racemase (SR) is responsible for the biosynthesis of D-serine in the mammalian central nervous system. D-serine acts as a neurotransmitter and coagonist, together with L-glutamate, of ionotropic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs). Excitotoxic D-serine levels have been implicated in neuropathologies including Alzheimer's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. SR inhibitors offer a novel and potentially highly specific approach for attenuation of NMDAR-mediated glutamate excitotoxicity and for further study of the pathway. Many of the SR inhibitors described to date are small, naturally occurring compounds, and novel structures capable of influencing SR's activity are highly sought after. Moreover, structural information about this enigmatic enzyme is lacking, and suitable animal models need to be identified for inhibitor studies. This thesis presents the first published biochemical comparison of mouse and human SR orthologs, validating, at least in part, the use of mouse models in SR research. Additionally, hydroxamic acids are introduced as a novel class of SR inhibitors. While the experimentally determined structure of a mammalian SR remains elusive, random and site-directed mutagenesis experiments in combination with multiple...cs_CZ
uk.abstract.en6 Brief Abstract The pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent enzyme serine racemase (SR) is responsible for the biosynthesis of D-serine in the mammalian central nervous system. D-serine acts as a neurotransmitter and coagonist, together with L-glutamate, of ionotropic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs). Excitotoxic D-serine levels have been implicated in neuropathologies including Alzheimer's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. SR inhibitors offer a novel and potentially highly specific approach for attenuation of NMDAR-mediated glutamate excitotoxicity and for further study of the pathway. Many of the SR inhibitors described to date are small, naturally occurring compounds, and novel structures capable of influencing SR's activity are highly sought after. Moreover, structural information about this enigmatic enzyme is lacking, and suitable animal models need to be identified for inhibitor studies. This thesis presents the first published biochemical comparison of mouse and human SR orthologs, validating, at least in part, the use of mouse models in SR research. Additionally, hydroxamic acids are introduced as a novel class of SR inhibitors. While the experimentally determined structure of a mammalian SR remains elusive, random and site-directed mutagenesis experiments in combination with multiple...en_US
uk.file-availabilityP
uk.publication.placePrahacs_CZ
uk.grantorUniverzita Karlova, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Katedra biochemiecs_CZ
thesis.grade.codeP


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