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Diachronic corpus analysis: the order of Czech possesive adjectives within nominal phrase
dc.contributor.authorKřivan, Jan
dc.contributor.authorLáznička, Michal
dc.publisherUniverzita Karlova, Filozofická fakultacs_CZ
dc.sourceStudie z aplikované lingvistiky - Studies in Applied Linguistics, 2018, 9, Special Issue, 42-65cs_CZ
dc.subjectadnominal possessioncs_CZ
dc.subjectclassification treescs_CZ
dc.subjectdiachronic corpus analysiscs_CZ
dc.subjectpossessor placement within nominal phrasecs_CZ
dc.subjectrandom forestscs_CZ
dc.subjectrandom forestscs_CZ
dc.subjectadnominální posesivitacs_CZ
dc.subjectdiachronní korpusová analýzacs_CZ
dc.subjectklasifikační stromycs_CZ
dc.subjectlingvistika založená na užívání jazykacs_CZ
dc.subjectnáhodné lesycs_CZ
dc.subjectpostavení posesora uvnitř nominální frázecs_CZ
dc.titleDiachronní korpusová analýza: slovosled českých posesivních adjektiv uvnitř nominální frázecs_CZ
dc.title.alternativeDiachronic corpus analysis: the order of Czech possesive adjectives within nominal phrasecs_CZ
dc.typeVědecký článekcs_CZ
uk.abstract.enThis paper is concerned with the diachronic development of the placement of Czech possessive adjectives relative to the head noun in Old and Middle Czech. At the same time, the aim of this study is also to introduce a possible way of approaching complex language data. We base our analysis on cross-linguistic synchronic generalizations regarding possessor placement which connect monolexemic possessors (which are high on the nominal animacy hierarchy) to the prenominal position. A sample of 1417 possessive adjectives obtained from available sources of Old and Middle Czech texts was annotated for an array of semantic and syntactic variables. The relationship between these variables and the possessor placement was analysed using classification trees and random forests. The results do not support the synchronic generalizations. We interpret this finding by positing two frequent, lexically partially filled constructions, N Kristův ‘N of Christ’ and syn N-ův ‘son of N’. We conclude that the patterns observed in the data can be explained by the interaction of extralinguistic socio-cultural factors and the effects of frequency and similarity in these two constructions.cs_CZ

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