Textilindustrie in der Geschichte des Nordmährens — bisheriger Stand der ForschungTextile Industry in Northern Moravia: Present Situation in the Research
- Číslo 1 
Source PeriodicalPrager wirtschafts- und sozialhistorische Mitteilungen - Prague Economic and Social History Papers, 2015, 21, 1, 26-39
PublisherUniverzita Karlova, Filozofická fakulta
Moravia, Textile Industry, Historiography, Czech History
The presented historiography survey would like to map and assess a situation in existing research of the textile industry in Northern Moravia. The interest in the Northern Moravian textile industry started as early as in 1840s. In the decades to come, virtually up to the end of the WWII the research of the textile industry in Northern Moravia was mainly a „domain“ of German homeland researchers who focused mainly upon development of particular manufactures, beginning of the factory production, life of the weavers, spinners and homecraft labourers, much less then upon prominent enterpreneurial personalities and families. Systematic professional research of the Northern Moravian textile industry history concerning started in 1950s mainly in connection with the names of František Mainuš, Miloň Dohnal or Milan Myška. These authors dealt predominantly with the issue of the end of the guild production, development of the scattered and then concentrated production and last but not the least the rise of the industrial revolution in the first half of the 19th century. The greatest deal of the work was carried out in 1970s and 1980s thanks to historians, archive workers and other professionals around specialized research centres in Trutnov and Ústí nad Orlicí. One of them is also a well-known Šumperk archive worker and historian František Spurný who within his thorough research deals among others with a fate of prominent enterpreneurial families as much as with a development of the Northern Moravian textile industry after 1945. The last two decades nevertheless have brought forth a decline in interest in the textile production history, not being it only the Northern Moravian one. The greatest attention has been paid in the domestic textile industry to projects focused upon a research and protection of the industrial heritage in our country. However, we may generally state that present textile industry history research has been facing a considerable fragmentation of themes and a lack of a systematic approach to the given issue.