Can development axes be identified by socio-economic variables? The case of Czechia =Mohou být v Česku na základě analýzy socioekonomických indikátorů identifikovány rozvojové osy?
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Keywords (English)development axes, trends of regional development, agglomeration theory, LAU II, spatial autocorrelation
This article aims to contribute to existing analyses of regional development in the postsocialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) by conducting a detailed regional analysis at the municipal (LAU II) level in Czechia. The focus on such a detailed regional level lows for the testing of several hypotheses, for which traditional regional analyses based on NUTS II - NUTS III data were insufficient. First, we investigate whether development axes, as used in planning documents, manifest themselves at a higher level of socioeconomic development. Second, we expect the formation of clusters, exhibiting a higher level of socioeconomic development, around strong growth centres, such as the city of Mladá Boleslav. Third, we explore whether increasing differentiation has shifted from the regional level the micro regional local level during the past 15 years of the post-socialist transformation. To address these hypotheses, we analyze a set of socioeconomic variables with the help of the spatial autocorrelation method, which allows us to generalize the inevitably, highly fragmented patterns found at the local level