Návrat k tradícii? „Neoklasicizmus“ v čínskej poézii osemdesiatych rokov 20. storočia
A RETURN TO TRADITION? — „NEOCLASSICISM“ IN CHINESE POETRY OF THE 1980S
- Číslo 61 
PublisherUniverzita Karlova, Filozofická fakulta
SourceSvět literatury, 2020, 61, 188-203
Neoklasicizmus, čínska poézia, tradícia, Tretia generácia, Shi Guanghua, Song Wei, Song Qu, Cheqianzi, Daxian
This article analyses a part of a new phenomenon occurring in Chinese poetry of the 1980s — after decades of denying the domestic tradition, some of the so-called Third generation poets started to find their way back to it. Unlike the more popular “searching for the roots” movement authors, however, poets like Shi Guanghua, Song Qu and Song Wei, Cheqianzi, and Daxian, whose poems are the subject of this analysis, turned mainly to its classical part. In various ways they incorporated elements of classical Tang and Song poems, as well as references to the well-known traditional works, into their own (fundamentally modern) poetry. The term “neoclassicism” (xin gudianzhuyi) comes from an eccentric theory of Chen Zhongyi, further developed by Olga Lomová in her unpublished paper. Based on our own analysis, we attempt to identify the ways in which modern poetry approaches this tradition, and to qualify in which sense this is to be considered a return to tradition.