Slavnostní vjezdy českých králů do Horní Lužice ve 14. a 15. století
Ceremonial royal arrivals of Bohemian kings in Upper Lusatia in the 14th and 15th century
- Číslo 2 
PublisherUniverzita Karlova, Filozofická fakulta
SourceHistorie – Otázky – Problémy (History, Issues, Problems), 2019, 11, 2, 11-28
Crown of the Kingdom of Bohemia, Upper Lusatia, Bohemian kings, adventus regis, oath-taking journeys, 14th–15th century
Upper Lusatia, a region consisting of the Bautzen and Görlitz districts, was for many years part of the power structure of the Bohemian rulers. From the end of the 11th century until the year 1253 it was ruled by the Premyslides, and in the 14th century the Luxembourgs incorporated Upper Lusatia into the Lands of the Bohemian Crown and it remained their part until 1635. The main forms of presentation of the king’s power in the Crown Lands in the Middle Ages and early modern era were oath-taking journeys, which involved an oath of allegiance sworn by a country to a ruler and his ceremonial arrival and reception in a selected town. The form of this ceremony known as adventus regis evidently became fixed in Upper Lusatia in the reign of the Luxembourgs though we find scant mentions of them in contemporary sources. The study endeavours to re-enact the royal arrivals and presents an overview of the journeys of Bohemian kings to Upper Lusatia in the 14th and 15th century.