Cervantes a tolerance
Cervantes and Tolerance
- Číslo 31 
PublisherUniverzita Karlova, Filozofická fakulta
SourceSlovo a smysl - Word & Sense, 2019, 16, 31, 25-39
Cervantes, Lope de Vega, Inquisition, Ricote, moriscos, Peace of Augsburg, Michel de Montaigne, Erasmus, Francis Bacon, Cervantes, Lope de Vega, inkvizice, Ricote, moriskové, Augšpurský mír, Michel de Montaigne, Erasmus, Francis Bacon
The treatment of the morisco theme in Don Quixote could be understood as an index — a proof — of the philosophical and spiritual differences between Cervantes and the official ideology of his time. In his discourse, Ricote (the morisco character in Don Quixote II, 1615) names the ‘freedom of conscience’, an important theme in European religious discourse of the 16th and 17th centuries. This article deals with the interpretation of that expression in the literary and ideological context of Cervantesʼ novel and Cervantesʼ world. It seems that the expression refers to the Peace of Augsburg, and it could be interpreted as an appeal for tolerance, in this case regarding the morisco question (the moriscos were banned in 1609, before the publication of the second volume of Don Quixote). Yet this is a problematic interpretation: in Spain, the expression was commonly associated with heresy. It is in this sense that Lope de Vega uses the expression. This in turn is what allows us to characterize Lope de Vegaʼs literary work as conservative and Cervantesʼ as liberal.