K realizácii zákona č. 74/1958 Zb. o trvalom usídlení kočujúcich osôb na území Veľkej Bratislavy
Execution of the Act Nr. 74/1958 on the permanent settlement of nomads within the Great Bratislava territory
- Číslo 1 
PublisherUniverzita Karlova, Filozofická fakulta
SourceStudia Ethnologica Pragensia, 2018, 1, 30-46
Act Nr. 74/1958, settlement, nomads, Vlax Gypsies, National Committee, nomads’ paths, Socialism, criminality, Communist Party Politics
Based on study of archive records the author explains adoption and execution of the Act Nr. 74/1958 on the permanent settlement of nomads. The author also uses personal testimonies of nomads. In the introduction, the author analyzes potential reasons and causalities of the adoption of the Act. He assumes the Act was adopted upon the appeal from Slovak residents who had complained about the behavior of nomadic Roma. In the next part, he focuses on the execution of the Act itself within the Great Bratislava territory. In the connection with the Act implementation it was vital that State institutions resolve the accommodation, education, employment and health care of nomads. Basic requirement for the Act enforcement was the creation of the register of nomads. The registration took place in 1959 and stated that the number of nomads in Bratislava was 269. According to the archive records, testimonies and personal experience of the author, he makes a conclusion that prohibition of wandering had not have such a dramatic and traumatic impact as other authors describe. The nomads had undertaken the settlement well and persisted on solving their issues.