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Changing perceptions of waqf in the Egyptian society (1805-1953)
dc.contributor.advisorVeselý, Rudolf
dc.creatorMelčák, Miroslav
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-29T21:39:03Z
dc.date.available2018-10-29T21:39:03Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11956/32088
dc.description.abstractWaqf (pI. 'awqi!f), ktery vznikl v prvnirn stoleti ishirnske civilizace, se rozsifil po celern Blizkern vychode, aby se stal jednirn z nejcharakteristictejsich prvku politickych, spolecenskych a ekonornickych struktur. Ackoli waqf hral rnnoho ryznarnnych roli, jeho ryznam je obvykle charakterizovan prostfednictvirn dichotornickeho konceptu, ktery rozlisuje rnezi waqfem chajri (dobroCinna nadace) a waqfem 'ahli (rodinna nadace), z nichz prvni byl zakladanjako projev dobroCinnych zajrnu s cHern poskytnout bezplatne socialni, vzdelavad a nabozenske sluzby obyvatelstvu a druhy jako prostfedek k obejiti koranskych dedickych pravidel CUm al.jarii'i), jejichZ efektern by v opacnern pnpade byla fragrnentace rnajetku na neekonornicke jednotky. Tento koncept byl vytvofen v obdobi 19. a 20. stoleti, kdy byla v blizkorychodnich zernich vytvarena legislativa s cHern ornezit waqf jakozto pfekazku socialniho a ekonornickeho pokroku. Tato prace dokumentuje na pfikladu Egypta proces vytvareni tohoto dichotornickeho konceptu, jefiZ byl ve sve podstate ryrazern vyznamnych zrnen ve Vllirnani waqfu egyptskou spolecnosti. Prace pojednava 0 nadacni politice MuI;1ammada CAltho v prvni polovine 19. stoleti, pote 0 yYvoji centralniho nadacniho Ufadu do konce 19. stoleti a 0 procesu priznavani vlastnickych pray na statni zernedelskou...cs_CZ
dc.description.abstractWaqf (pI. 'awqi() emerged in the first century after the birth of Islam, and spread to the whole of the Middle East to become one of the most distinctive features of its societies. Although waqfs played many different socio-economic roles, their significance has up to now usually been described by means of the dichotomic concept distinguishing between waqf chayri (charitable endowment) and waqf 'ahli (family endowment), the first having been established as a kind of charity to provide free social services to the population (mainly mosques and madrasas), the latter as a tool for evading inheritance rules (ilm al-jarii'i), which, if applied, would cause the fragmentation of properties into uneconomical units. This concept originated in the period of the 19th and 20th centuries when the new legislation was beeing produced in Middle East countries to restrain waqf as an obstacle to social and economic progress. The thesis traces a history of this dichotomic concept in the context of modem Egypt. First it discusses the waqf policy of Mul).ammad cAli in the first half of the 19th century, then the development of the central waqfbureau up to the end of the 19th century, and the process of conferring property rights to the land which caused an unprecedented expansion of family-like endowments during the first half...en_US
dc.languageČeštinacs_CZ
dc.language.isocs_CZ
dc.publisherUniverzita Karlova, Filozofická fakultacs_CZ
dc.titleVývoj vnímání waqfu v egyptské společnosti (1805-1953)cs_CZ
dc.typerigorózní prácecs_CZ
dcterms.created2010
dcterms.dateAccepted2010-10-22
dc.description.departmentDepartment of Middle Eastern Studiesen_US
dc.description.departmentKatedra Blízkého východucs_CZ
dc.description.facultyFilozofická fakultacs_CZ
dc.description.facultyFaculty of Artsen_US
dc.identifier.repId94516
dc.title.translatedChanging perceptions of waqf in the Egyptian society (1805-1953)en_US
dc.contributor.refereeKropáček, Luboš
dc.contributor.refereeMendel, Miloš
dc.identifier.aleph001483358
thesis.degree.namePhDr.
thesis.degree.levelrigorózní řízenícs_CZ
thesis.degree.disciplineArabic Studiesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineArabistikacs_CZ
thesis.degree.programPhilologyen_US
thesis.degree.programFilologiecs_CZ
uk.faculty-name.csFilozofická fakultacs_CZ
uk.faculty-name.enFaculty of Artsen_US
uk.faculty-abbr.csFFcs_CZ
uk.degree-discipline.csArabistikacs_CZ
uk.degree-discipline.enArabic Studiesen_US
uk.degree-program.csFilologiecs_CZ
uk.degree-program.enPhilologyen_US
thesis.grade.csProspěl/acs_CZ
thesis.grade.enPassen_US
uk.abstract.csWaqf (pI. 'awqi!f), ktery vznikl v prvnirn stoleti ishirnske civilizace, se rozsifil po celern Blizkern vychode, aby se stal jednirn z nejcharakteristictejsich prvku politickych, spolecenskych a ekonornickych struktur. Ackoli waqf hral rnnoho ryznarnnych roli, jeho ryznam je obvykle charakterizovan prostfednictvirn dichotornickeho konceptu, ktery rozlisuje rnezi waqfem chajri (dobroCinna nadace) a waqfem 'ahli (rodinna nadace), z nichz prvni byl zakladanjako projev dobroCinnych zajrnu s cHern poskytnout bezplatne socialni, vzdelavad a nabozenske sluzby obyvatelstvu a druhy jako prostfedek k obejiti koranskych dedickych pravidel CUm al.jarii'i), jejichZ efektern by v opacnern pnpade byla fragrnentace rnajetku na neekonornicke jednotky. Tento koncept byl vytvofen v obdobi 19. a 20. stoleti, kdy byla v blizkorychodnich zernich vytvarena legislativa s cHern ornezit waqf jakozto pfekazku socialniho a ekonornickeho pokroku. Tato prace dokumentuje na pfikladu Egypta proces vytvareni tohoto dichotornickeho konceptu, jefiZ byl ve sve podstate ryrazern vyznamnych zrnen ve Vllirnani waqfu egyptskou spolecnosti. Prace pojednava 0 nadacni politice MuI;1ammada CAltho v prvni polovine 19. stoleti, pote 0 yYvoji centralniho nadacniho Ufadu do konce 19. stoleti a 0 procesu priznavani vlastnickych pray na statni zernedelskou...cs_CZ
uk.abstract.enWaqf (pI. 'awqi() emerged in the first century after the birth of Islam, and spread to the whole of the Middle East to become one of the most distinctive features of its societies. Although waqfs played many different socio-economic roles, their significance has up to now usually been described by means of the dichotomic concept distinguishing between waqf chayri (charitable endowment) and waqf 'ahli (family endowment), the first having been established as a kind of charity to provide free social services to the population (mainly mosques and madrasas), the latter as a tool for evading inheritance rules (ilm al-jarii'i), which, if applied, would cause the fragmentation of properties into uneconomical units. This concept originated in the period of the 19th and 20th centuries when the new legislation was beeing produced in Middle East countries to restrain waqf as an obstacle to social and economic progress. The thesis traces a history of this dichotomic concept in the context of modem Egypt. First it discusses the waqf policy of Mul).ammad cAli in the first half of the 19th century, then the development of the central waqfbureau up to the end of the 19th century, and the process of conferring property rights to the land which caused an unprecedented expansion of family-like endowments during the first half...en_US
uk.file-availabilityV
uk.publication-placePrahacs_CZ
uk.grantorUniverzita Karlova, Filozofická fakulta, Katedra Blízkého východucs_CZ
thesis.grade.codeP


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