• Nelineárně-optická frekvenční konverze ultrakrátkých laserových pulzů 

      Koutenský, Petr (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      Title: Nonlinear optical frequency conversion of few-cycle laser pulses Author: Petr Koutenský Department: Department of Chemical Physics and Optics Supervisor: RNDr. Martin Kozák, Ph.D., Department of Chemical Physics and ...
    • Testování rovnosti středních hodnot pomocí intervalů spolehlivosti 

      Jandl, Vojtěch (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      We deal with testing the equality of means using confidence intervals. Firstly, we introduce the methods of testing that have already been published. The advantage of these methods is that one can present the underlying ...
    • Exotické zahrievanie exozemí 

      Verkinová, Natália (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      This thesis focuses on the comparison between the tidal heating and Joule hea- ting representing an unusual heat source. First, a parametric study was performed on a model planet orbiting a low-mass star where the effects ...
    • Studium městského tepelného ostrova s využitím distančních metod měření 

      Doležalová, Anežka (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      Modern times bring considerable urbanization which represents the development and extension of cities. An urban environment is very different in structure from the rural one and the natural landscape. The differences are ...
    • Riziková averze ve spektrálních mírách rizika 

      Škopek, Pavel (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      This thesis deals with spectral risk measures which are useful for measuring risk aversion. First, we define basic definitions and properties of risk measures, risk spectrum and SRM (spectral risk measure) both continuous ...
    • Dvojvýberový Wilcoxonov test v prípade existencie zhôd 

      Kulla, Filip (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      This work is devoted to the Wilcoxon rank-sum test in the presence of ties. In this work, asymptotic distribution of the Wilcoxon test statistic in the presence of ties is derived using well-known results about U-statistics. ...
    • Vliv latentního tepla na deformaci subdukované litosféry v plášti Země 

      Pilař, Štěpán (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      Lithospheric plates move relative to each other with velocities of several cm/year. In subduction zone, one plate slides (subducts) under the other. Slabs are being deformed while subducting to the Earth's mantle. The ...
    • Sféricky symetrický tepelný protiproud supratekutého hélia 

      Novotný, Filip (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      The principal aim of this Thesis was the investigation of quantum tur- bulence in superfluid helium in a special type of flow, spherically symmetric thermal counterflow. To this end, a new cell was designed and 3D-printed. ...
    • Oxidační vlastnosti komplexně koncentrovaných slitin 

      Veverková, Eliška (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      The thesis is focused on the oxidation characteristics of two complex con- centrated alloys - FeAlCrMo and FeAlCrV. Potentiodynamic polarisation tests were performed in order to characterize corrosion behavior of the alloys ...
    • Semigroup-valued metric spaces 

      Konečný, Matěj (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      The structural Ramsey theory is a field on the boundary of combinatorics and model theory with deep connections to topological dynamics. Most of the known Ramsey classes in finite binary symmetric relational language can ...
    • Symmetries of transition times in complex biophysical systems 

      Voráč, David (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      Conformational changes of biomolecules can be described as Markov processes on net- works of discrete states representing minima of free energy landscapes. Network states for several types of membrane proteins and molecular ...
    • Studium terahertzového záření emitovaného pomocí spintronických jevů 

      Jechumtál, Jiří (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      Effective emission of picosecond terahertz (THz) pulses using optical femtosecond pul- ses is the basis of THz spectroscopy in the time domain. Recent studies have shown that ultrafast optical excitation of thin metal ...
    • Dynamické perturbace trojhvězd a planetárních systémů detekovatelných na gravitačních vlnách projektem LISA 

      Mezera, Matěj (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      We study gravitational waves from a binary system that is perturbed by the presence of a distant third body. We present three representative models of the hierarchical triple system and we numerically model the gravitational ...
    • Zonoidy měr a jejich aplikace 

      Hendrych, František (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      In the present thesis we are concerned with special convex sets called zonoids. Zonoids are sets that are possible to be expressed as a limit case of a finite sum of line segments. They have found applications in geometry ...
    • Štúdium vývoja dislokačnej štruktúry v pokročilých horčíkových zliatinách 

      Šimko, Pavol (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      : This thesis deals with evolution of dislocation structures in mag- nesium alloys containing long-period stacking ordered phase (LPSO). Before de- formation the samples were studied by optical light microscopy, in the ...
    • Vliv hydrofobicity povrchu a náboje molekuly pro Ramanovu spektroskopii kapkově nanášených povlaků 

      Bura, Radek (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      Raman spectroscopy is an optical vibrational spectroscopic technique suited for a study of biomolecules and their interactions. In contrast to classical Raman spectroscopy, Drop-Coating Deposition Raman spectroscopy (DCDR) ...
    • Vliv pnutí na magnetooptické vlasnosti La2/3Sr1/3MnO3 

      Maleček, Tomáš (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      The influence of epitaxial strain on La2/3Sr1/3MnO3 (LSMO) thin films has been studied by magneto-optical spectroscopy. The investigated samples have been grown by pulsed laser deposition on four different substrates with ...
    • Model study of biomolecules bonding to cerium oxide nanoparticles 

      Pittnerová, Daniela (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      In the last few years cerium oxide due to its convenient properties for biomedical applications has been studied as a promising material for fabrication of third-generation of mediator-less enzymatic biosensors. The bonding ...
    • Thermo-transport effects in antiferromagnets 

      Baďura, Antonín (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      This thesis investigates magnetic properties of an antiferromagnet Mn5Si3 in both collinear and noncollinear antiferromagnetic phases, which this compound evinces. The work is based on three distinct experimental approaches: ...
    • Studium elektronových přeskoků v systému heterocyklických molekul metodami kvantové mechaniky. Simulace absorpčních a emisních spekter. 

      Tichý, Ondřej (Univerzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, 2020)
      Date of defense: 14. 7. 2020
      This thesis is about computing lifetimes of excited states of molecules by using semiempirical methods in simulations of molecular dynamics. Pyrimidine nucleobases and three aza- derivatives were chosen as reference ...

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