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Thermal Effects in Physics and Dynamics of Small Bodies of the Solar System
dc.creatorČapek, David
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-19T16:56:33Z
dc.date.available2021-05-19T16:56:33Z
dc.date.issued2008
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11956/17698
dc.description.abstractThermal Effects in Physics and Dynamics of Small Bodies of the Solar System Abstract of the Ph.D. thesis \s David Capek It has been shown, that the thermal effects are very important in the dynamics of small Solar System bodies. A phenomenon which is known as the Yarkovsky effect is able to secularly change the semimajor axis of an orbit, while the YORP effect affects the rotation state of a body. The Yarkovsky effect and the YORP effect were previously calculated with many constraining assumptions like spherical shapes of asteroids, circular orbits, small variations of the surface temperature, principal axis rotation, constant thermal parameters, etc. We developed a sophisticated numerical model of the Yarkovsky/YORP effect without such simplifications. With this model, we have been able to describe the shape, the orbit, the rotation and the thermal behaviour of an asteroid in a very precise way. The YORP effect was studied on a sample of artificially generated shapes, roughly resembling Main Belt asteroids, and also on several shapes of real asteroids. The depen- dence of YORP on the obliquity and the thermal parameters of the surface were studied (Vokrouhlicky and Capek, 2002; Capek and Vokrouhlicky, 2004). A wide variety of pos- sible YORP evolution paths of the spin state was found. The possibility of...en_US
dc.description.abstractTepelne jevy ve fyzice a dynamice malych teles slunecm soustavy Abstrakt dizertacnf prace David Capek Behem posledni doby se ukazalo, ze tepelne jevy jsou velmi vyznamne v dynamice malych teles slunecni soustavy. Intenzivne studovan byl predevslm jev zvany Jarkovskeho efekt, ktery je schopen dlouhodobe menit velkou poloosn drahy a YORP efekt, jez ovlivnuje rotacni stav telesa. Jarkovskeho a YORP efekt byly drive pocitany s mnoha omezujicimi predpoklady. Napnklad byly uvazovany kulove tvary asteroidu, kruhove drahy, male variace povrchove teploty, rotace okolo hlavni osy tenzoru setrvacnosti, konstantni tepelne parametry a podobne. Proto jsme vyvinnli numericky model pro vypocet Jarkovskeho/YORP jevu, ktery neni omezen temito predpoklady. S timto modelem jsme byli schopni velmi pfesne popsat tvar, drahu, rotaci a tepelne vlastnosti studovaneho telesa. YORP efekt byl studovan na vzorku umele vytvofenych tvaru} ktere odpovidaji aste- roidum hlavniho pasu, a take na tvarech skutecnych asteroidu. Zkoumali jsme zejmena savislost YORP jevu na obliquite a na tepelnych parametrech povrchu. Byla zjistena a diskutovana siroka skala moznosti v)'voje rotacniho stavu asteroidu (Vokrouhlickj'- and Capek, 2002; Capek and Vokrouhlickyj 2004). Pro nektere asteroidy bylo predpovezeno, ze Ize v budoucnosti ocekavat uspesnou...cs_CZ
dc.languageČeštinacs_CZ
dc.language.isocs_CZ
dc.publisherUniverzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakultacs_CZ
dc.titleThermal Effects in Physics and Dynamics of Small Bodies of the Solar Systemcs_CZ
dc.typerigorózní prácecs_CZ
dcterms.created2008
dcterms.dateAccepted2008-09-10
dc.description.departmentInstitute of Theoretical Physicsen_US
dc.description.departmentÚstav teoretické fyzikycs_CZ
dc.description.facultyFaculty of Mathematics and Physicsen_US
dc.description.facultyMatematicko-fyzikální fakultacs_CZ
dc.identifier.repId61209
dc.title.translatedThermal Effects in Physics and Dynamics of Small Bodies of the Solar Systemen_US
dc.identifier.aleph001015767
thesis.degree.nameRNDr.
thesis.degree.levelrigorózní řízenícs_CZ
thesis.degree.disciplineAstronomy and astrophysicsen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAstronomie a astrofyzikacs_CZ
thesis.degree.programPhysicsen_US
thesis.degree.programFyzikacs_CZ
uk.thesis.typerigorózní prácecs_CZ
uk.taxonomy.organization-csMatematicko-fyzikální fakulta::Ústav teoretické fyzikycs_CZ
uk.taxonomy.organization-enFaculty of Mathematics and Physics::Institute of Theoretical Physicsen_US
uk.faculty-name.csMatematicko-fyzikální fakultacs_CZ
uk.faculty-name.enFaculty of Mathematics and Physicsen_US
uk.faculty-abbr.csMFFcs_CZ
uk.degree-discipline.csAstronomie a astrofyzikacs_CZ
uk.degree-discipline.enAstronomy and astrophysicsen_US
uk.degree-program.csFyzikacs_CZ
uk.degree-program.enPhysicsen_US
thesis.grade.csUznánocs_CZ
thesis.grade.enRecognizeden_US
uk.abstract.csTepelne jevy ve fyzice a dynamice malych teles slunecm soustavy Abstrakt dizertacnf prace David Capek Behem posledni doby se ukazalo, ze tepelne jevy jsou velmi vyznamne v dynamice malych teles slunecni soustavy. Intenzivne studovan byl predevslm jev zvany Jarkovskeho efekt, ktery je schopen dlouhodobe menit velkou poloosn drahy a YORP efekt, jez ovlivnuje rotacni stav telesa. Jarkovskeho a YORP efekt byly drive pocitany s mnoha omezujicimi predpoklady. Napnklad byly uvazovany kulove tvary asteroidu, kruhove drahy, male variace povrchove teploty, rotace okolo hlavni osy tenzoru setrvacnosti, konstantni tepelne parametry a podobne. Proto jsme vyvinnli numericky model pro vypocet Jarkovskeho/YORP jevu, ktery neni omezen temito predpoklady. S timto modelem jsme byli schopni velmi pfesne popsat tvar, drahu, rotaci a tepelne vlastnosti studovaneho telesa. YORP efekt byl studovan na vzorku umele vytvofenych tvaru} ktere odpovidaji aste- roidum hlavniho pasu, a take na tvarech skutecnych asteroidu. Zkoumali jsme zejmena savislost YORP jevu na obliquite a na tepelnych parametrech povrchu. Byla zjistena a diskutovana siroka skala moznosti v)'voje rotacniho stavu asteroidu (Vokrouhlickj'- and Capek, 2002; Capek and Vokrouhlickyj 2004). Pro nektere asteroidy bylo predpovezeno, ze Ize v budoucnosti ocekavat uspesnou...cs_CZ
uk.abstract.enThermal Effects in Physics and Dynamics of Small Bodies of the Solar System Abstract of the Ph.D. thesis \s David Capek It has been shown, that the thermal effects are very important in the dynamics of small Solar System bodies. A phenomenon which is known as the Yarkovsky effect is able to secularly change the semimajor axis of an orbit, while the YORP effect affects the rotation state of a body. The Yarkovsky effect and the YORP effect were previously calculated with many constraining assumptions like spherical shapes of asteroids, circular orbits, small variations of the surface temperature, principal axis rotation, constant thermal parameters, etc. We developed a sophisticated numerical model of the Yarkovsky/YORP effect without such simplifications. With this model, we have been able to describe the shape, the orbit, the rotation and the thermal behaviour of an asteroid in a very precise way. The YORP effect was studied on a sample of artificially generated shapes, roughly resembling Main Belt asteroids, and also on several shapes of real asteroids. The depen- dence of YORP on the obliquity and the thermal parameters of the surface were studied (Vokrouhlicky and Capek, 2002; Capek and Vokrouhlicky, 2004). A wide variety of pos- sible YORP evolution paths of the spin state was found. The possibility of...en_US
uk.file-availabilityV
uk.grantorUniverzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, Ústav teoretické fyzikycs_CZ
thesis.grade.codeU
uk.publication-placePrahacs_CZ
uk.thesis.defenceStatusU
dc.identifier.lisID990010157670106986


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