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Kontaminace sušené umělé kojenecké výživy Enterobacterem sakazakii a jinými patogeny
dc.contributor.advisorSchneidrová, Dagmar
dc.creatorCosta, Carolina Isabel Maia Azevedo
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-12T10:44:49Z
dc.date.available2018-09-12T10:44:49Z
dc.date.issued2008
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11956/14183
dc.description.abstractPowdered infant formula is not a sterile product and it has been shown to be a common vehicle for the transmission of pathogens to a specific group of infants, particularly Enterobacter sakazakii and Salmonella which are implicated in several outbreaks causing meningitis, necrotizing enterocolitis, sepsis and salmonellosis, with a mortality rate around 20%. The International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Food (ICMSF, 2002) classified E. sakazakii as "severe risk for a restricted population, representing a threat of death or chronic sequels of long duration". From the age distribution of the reported cases, it is deduced that the population at risk are the infants under one year old, especially premature and low-birth weight infants, as well as the immunocompromised and those born from HIV + mothers. The infant formula can become contaminated through the raw ingredients used in the production of the formula, through contamination of the formula after pasteurization or through contamination of the reconstituted formula used by the caregivers at the hospital or at home prior to feeding. From the powdered infant formulas, sources of contamination can accumulate in bottles and utensils used on the preparation of feeding bottles, facilitating the dissemination of the bacteria. Thus, although...en_US
dc.languageEnglishcs_CZ
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherUniverzita Karlova, 3. lékařská fakultacs_CZ
dc.titleContamination of powdered infant formula by Enterobacter sakazakii and Salmonellaen_US
dc.typediplomová prácecs_CZ
dcterms.created2008
dcterms.dateAccepted2008-04-01
dc.description.departmentÚstav hygienycs_CZ
dc.description.departmentDepartment of Hygieneen_US
dc.description.facultyThird Faculty of Medicineen_US
dc.description.faculty3. lékařská fakultacs_CZ
dc.identifier.repId13650
dc.title.translatedKontaminace sušené umělé kojenecké výživy Enterobacterem sakazakii a jinými patogenycs_CZ
dc.identifier.aleph000974790
thesis.degree.nameMUDr.
thesis.degree.levelmagisterskécs_CZ
thesis.degree.discipline-cs_CZ
thesis.degree.discipline-en_US
thesis.degree.programGeneral Medicineen_US
thesis.degree.programVšeobecné lékařstvícs_CZ
uk.thesis.typediplomová prácecs_CZ
uk.taxonomy.organization-cs3. lékařská fakulta::Ústav hygienycs_CZ
uk.taxonomy.organization-enThird Faculty of Medicine::Department of Hygieneen_US
uk.faculty-name.cs3. lékařská fakultacs_CZ
uk.faculty-name.enThird Faculty of Medicineen_US
uk.faculty-abbr.cs3.LFcs_CZ
uk.degree-discipline.cs-cs_CZ
uk.degree-discipline.en-en_US
uk.degree-program.csVšeobecné lékařstvícs_CZ
uk.degree-program.enGeneral Medicineen_US
thesis.grade.csVýborněcs_CZ
thesis.grade.enExcellenten_US
uk.abstract.enPowdered infant formula is not a sterile product and it has been shown to be a common vehicle for the transmission of pathogens to a specific group of infants, particularly Enterobacter sakazakii and Salmonella which are implicated in several outbreaks causing meningitis, necrotizing enterocolitis, sepsis and salmonellosis, with a mortality rate around 20%. The International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Food (ICMSF, 2002) classified E. sakazakii as "severe risk for a restricted population, representing a threat of death or chronic sequels of long duration". From the age distribution of the reported cases, it is deduced that the population at risk are the infants under one year old, especially premature and low-birth weight infants, as well as the immunocompromised and those born from HIV + mothers. The infant formula can become contaminated through the raw ingredients used in the production of the formula, through contamination of the formula after pasteurization or through contamination of the reconstituted formula used by the caregivers at the hospital or at home prior to feeding. From the powdered infant formulas, sources of contamination can accumulate in bottles and utensils used on the preparation of feeding bottles, facilitating the dissemination of the bacteria. Thus, although...en_US
uk.file-availabilityV
uk.publication.placePrahacs_CZ
uk.grantorUniverzita Karlova, 3. lékařská fakulta, Ústav hygienycs_CZ
thesis.grade.code1
dc.identifier.lisID990009747900106986


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