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N-body simulations of shell galaxies
dc.contributor.advisorJungwiert, Bruno
dc.creatorEbrová, Ivana
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-06T13:04:01Z
dc.date.available2017-04-06T13:04:01Z
dc.date.issued2007
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11956/13694
dc.description.abstractShell galaxies are ordinary elliptical galaxies that contain a fine structure in the form of concentric arcs with sharp edges in their luminous profile. This work contains a summary of our comprehensive study of the actual research and publications on this remarkable phenomenon, concerning both the observations as well as the numerical simulations. Along with it we present the results of our own simulations that broaden our view of the origin of the shells in a radial merger of a massive elliptical galaxy with a less massive one. We have introduced the dynamical friction into the simulation by semi-analytical means based on the Chandrasekhar formula. The main result is that the dynamical friction together with the gradual disintegration of the secondary galaxy that is also discussed can significantly affect the process of the shell formation and must be taken into consideration in their modelling. It turns out that the time scales on which the merger takes place are rather sensitive to the choice of the parameters. We present an estimate of their magnitude in different cases. The mass loss of the secondary galaxy during the merger mitigates the effect of the dynamical friction but does not make its role negligible.en_US
dc.languageČeštinacs_CZ
dc.language.isocs_CZ
dc.publisherUniverzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakultacs_CZ
dc.titleN-částicové simulace galaxií se slupkami (shell galaxies)cs_CZ
dc.typediplomová prácecs_CZ
dcterms.created2007
dcterms.dateAccepted2007-09-24
dc.description.departmentAstronomický ústav UKcs_CZ
dc.description.departmentAstronomical Institute of Charles Universityen_US
dc.description.facultyFaculty of Mathematics and Physicsen_US
dc.description.facultyMatematicko-fyzikální fakultacs_CZ
dc.identifier.repId46726
dc.title.translatedN-body simulations of shell galaxiesen_US
dc.contributor.refereeŠolc, Martin
dc.identifier.aleph000848437
thesis.degree.nameMgr.
thesis.degree.levelmagisterskécs_CZ
thesis.degree.disciplineAstronomie a astrofyzikacs_CZ
thesis.degree.disciplineAstronomy and astrophysicsen_US
thesis.degree.programPhysicsen_US
thesis.degree.programFyzikacs_CZ
uk.thesis.typediplomová prácecs_CZ
uk.taxonomy.organization-csMatematicko-fyzikální fakulta::Astronomický ústav UKcs_CZ
uk.taxonomy.organization-enFaculty of Mathematics and Physics::Astronomical Institute of Charles Universityen_US
uk.faculty-name.csMatematicko-fyzikální fakultacs_CZ
uk.faculty-name.enFaculty of Mathematics and Physicsen_US
uk.faculty-abbr.csMFFcs_CZ
uk.degree-discipline.csAstronomie a astrofyzikacs_CZ
uk.degree-discipline.enAstronomy and astrophysicsen_US
uk.degree-program.csFyzikacs_CZ
uk.degree-program.enPhysicsen_US
thesis.grade.csVýborněcs_CZ
thesis.grade.enExcellenten_US
uk.abstract.enShell galaxies are ordinary elliptical galaxies that contain a fine structure in the form of concentric arcs with sharp edges in their luminous profile. This work contains a summary of our comprehensive study of the actual research and publications on this remarkable phenomenon, concerning both the observations as well as the numerical simulations. Along with it we present the results of our own simulations that broaden our view of the origin of the shells in a radial merger of a massive elliptical galaxy with a less massive one. We have introduced the dynamical friction into the simulation by semi-analytical means based on the Chandrasekhar formula. The main result is that the dynamical friction together with the gradual disintegration of the secondary galaxy that is also discussed can significantly affect the process of the shell formation and must be taken into consideration in their modelling. It turns out that the time scales on which the merger takes place are rather sensitive to the choice of the parameters. We present an estimate of their magnitude in different cases. The mass loss of the secondary galaxy during the merger mitigates the effect of the dynamical friction but does not make its role negligible.en_US
uk.publication.placePrahacs_CZ
uk.grantorUniverzita Karlova, Matematicko-fyzikální fakulta, Astronomický ústav UKcs_CZ


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