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dc.contributor.authorStarý, Zdeněk
dc.publisherUniverzita Karlova, Filozofická fakultacs_CZ
dc.sourceStudie z aplikované lingvistiky, 2020, Special issue, 48-70cs_CZ
dc.subjectaspect in Czechcs_CZ
dc.subjectaspectual construal of communicationcs_CZ
dc.subjecttime–space relationship in languagecs_CZ
dc.titleTime and Space: The Language Clinchcs_CZ
dc.typeVědecký článekcs_CZ
uk.abstract.enThe fact that languages use the same means to express temporal as well as spatial distinctions might be a symptom of a deeper interconnectedness of Time and Space in language. The article focuses on aspect as a category that molds time into the language. Communicative acts with an imperfective verb can signal imperfectivity as well as perfectivity of the communication, and vice versa: communicative acts with a perfective verb can be interpreted not only perfectively, but imperfectively as well. Morphological aspect (i.e. aspect given by the morphological make-up of the verb) is thus to be distinguished from aspect as an aspectual construal of the communication (sentence). Factors which contribute to the constitution of the aspectual construal of the communication are located not only within the verb itself (its morphological make-up), but also outside of the verb, or even beyond the realm of language means. On the basis of the study of aspectual construals of communication, the notion of perfectivity is classified in regard to event/state flow into five types. The underlying principle of this classification is asymmetry (point(s) of asymmetry) instaured into the event/state flow. While in cases where Time and Space share means of expression, their relationship is metaphorical (one input domain is talked about in terms of the other), the Time–Space link in perfectives does not facilitate the communication of temporal meanings in terms of spatial ones. In this sense its “metaphoricity” is “deponent”. Perfectivity as a temporal category emerges directly from the asycs_CZ
dcterms.isPartOf.nameStudie z aplikované lingvistikycs_CZ
dcterms.isPartOf.journalIssueSpecial Issue

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