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Alkaloids of the family Amaryllidaceae and their biological aktivity I.
Alkaloidy čeledi Amaryllidaceae a jejich biologická aktivita I.
dc.contributor.advisorŠafratová, Marcela
dc.creatorPuskásová, Dominika
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-26T10:55:27Z
dc.date.available2021-03-26T10:55:27Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11956/106678
dc.description.abstractPuskásová Dominika: Alkaloidy čeľade Amaryllidaceae a ich biologická aktivita I. Diplomová práca 2019. Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Farmaceutická fakulta v Hradci Králové, Katedra farmakognozie. Hlavným cieľom tejto práce bola izolácia alkaloidov z rastlinného extraktu, ktorý bol získaný z rastliny Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Dutch Master'. Príprava sumárneho extraktu a jeho stĺpcova chromatografia boli vykonané PharmDr. Danielou Hulcovou, Ph.D. v rámci jej doktorskej práce. Prostredníctvom metódy preparatívnej TLC boli z priradenej frakcie č.4 izolované 2 látky, označené ako č.2.1 a č.2.2.2. Ich štruktúra bola stanovená pomocou NMR, GC-MS analýzy a optickej otáčavosti. Po porovnaní získaných údajov s literatúrou boli látky identifikované ako (+)-homolykorín a (+)-masonín. Homolykorín aj masonín boli následne podrobené testovaniu inhibičnej aktivity voči acetylcholínesteráse (AChE), butyrylcholínesteráse (BuChE), prolyloligopeptidáse (POP) a glykogénsyntáse kináse 3β (GSK-3β). Aktivita bola vyjadrená ako IC50 a bola porovnávaná s IC50 referenčných látok. Pre porovnanie inhibície AChE a BuChE bol ako štandard použitý galanthamín (IC50 AChE = 1,7 ± 0,1 μM, IC50 BuChE = 42,3 ± 1,3 μM) a huperzín A (IC50 AChE = 0,033 ± 0,001 μM, IC50 BuChE > 500 μM). Inhibičná aktivita voči POP bola porovnávaná so...cs_CZ
dc.description.abstractPuskásová Dominika: Alkaloids of the Amaryllidaceae family and their biological activity I. Diploma thesis 2019. Charles university in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Department of Pharmacognosy. The aim of this thesis was to isolate alkaloids from herbal extract, which was obtained from Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Dutch Master' plant. The preparation and column chromatography of the extract were performed by PharmDr. Daniela Hulcová, Ph.D. as a part of her doctoral study. Using the preparative TLC method, 2 alkaloids marked as No.2.1 and 2.2.2 were isolated from the fraction No.4. Their structure was determined by using the NMR, GC-MS analysis and optical rotation. After comparing the data obtained with literature, the compounds were identified as (+)-homolycorine and (+)-masonine. Both homolycorine and masonine were subsequently subject to testing of inhibitory activity against acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), prolyloligopeptidase (POP) and glycogensynthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β). The activity was expressed as IC50 and was compared to IC50 of the reference substances. Galanthamine (IC50 AChE = 1,7 ± 0,1 μM, IC50 BuChE = 42,3 ± 1,3 μM) and huperzine A (IC50 AChE = 0,033 ± 0,001 μM, IC50 BuChE > 500 μM) were used as standards to compare the inhibitory activity...en_US
dc.languageSlovenčinacs_CZ
dc.language.isosk_SK
dc.publisherUniverzita Karlova, Farmaceutická fakulta v Hradci Královécs_CZ
dc.subjectNarcissus pseudonarcissus dutch master - bulbs - alkaloidal extracts - GCen_US
dc.subjectMS analysis - biological aktivity - acetylcholinesterase - butyrylcholinesteraseen_US
dc.subjectNarcissus pseudonarcissus dutch master - cibule - alkaloidní extrakty - GCcs_CZ
dc.subjectMS analýza - biologická aktivita - acetylcholinesterasa - butyrylcholinesterasacs_CZ
dc.titleAlkaloidy čeľade Amaryllidaceae a ich biologická aktivita I.sk_SK
dc.typediplomová prácecs_CZ
dcterms.created2019
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-06-04
dc.description.departmentKatedra farmakognoziecs_CZ
dc.description.departmentDepartment of Pharmacognosyen_US
dc.description.facultyFarmaceutická fakulta v Hradci Královécs_CZ
dc.description.facultyFaculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Královéen_US
dc.identifier.repId194380
dc.title.translatedAlkaloids of the family Amaryllidaceae and their biological aktivity I.en_US
dc.title.translatedAlkaloidy čeledi Amaryllidaceae a jejich biologická aktivita I.cs_CZ
dc.contributor.refereeChlebek, Jakub
dc.identifier.aleph002281528
thesis.degree.nameMgr.
thesis.degree.levelmagisterskécs_CZ
thesis.degree.disciplinePharmacyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineFarmaciecs_CZ
thesis.degree.programFarmaciecs_CZ
thesis.degree.programPharmacyen_US
uk.thesis.typediplomová prácecs_CZ
uk.taxonomy.organization-csFarmaceutická fakulta v Hradci Králové::Katedra farmakognoziecs_CZ
uk.taxonomy.organization-enFaculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové::Department of Pharmacognosyen_US
uk.faculty-name.csFarmaceutická fakulta v Hradci Královécs_CZ
uk.faculty-name.enFaculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Královéen_US
uk.faculty-abbr.csFaFcs_CZ
uk.degree-discipline.csFarmaciecs_CZ
uk.degree-discipline.enPharmacyen_US
uk.degree-program.csFarmaciecs_CZ
uk.degree-program.enPharmacyen_US
thesis.grade.csVýborněcs_CZ
thesis.grade.enExcellenten_US
uk.abstract.csPuskásová Dominika: Alkaloidy čeľade Amaryllidaceae a ich biologická aktivita I. Diplomová práca 2019. Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Farmaceutická fakulta v Hradci Králové, Katedra farmakognozie. Hlavným cieľom tejto práce bola izolácia alkaloidov z rastlinného extraktu, ktorý bol získaný z rastliny Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Dutch Master'. Príprava sumárneho extraktu a jeho stĺpcova chromatografia boli vykonané PharmDr. Danielou Hulcovou, Ph.D. v rámci jej doktorskej práce. Prostredníctvom metódy preparatívnej TLC boli z priradenej frakcie č.4 izolované 2 látky, označené ako č.2.1 a č.2.2.2. Ich štruktúra bola stanovená pomocou NMR, GC-MS analýzy a optickej otáčavosti. Po porovnaní získaných údajov s literatúrou boli látky identifikované ako (+)-homolykorín a (+)-masonín. Homolykorín aj masonín boli následne podrobené testovaniu inhibičnej aktivity voči acetylcholínesteráse (AChE), butyrylcholínesteráse (BuChE), prolyloligopeptidáse (POP) a glykogénsyntáse kináse 3β (GSK-3β). Aktivita bola vyjadrená ako IC50 a bola porovnávaná s IC50 referenčných látok. Pre porovnanie inhibície AChE a BuChE bol ako štandard použitý galanthamín (IC50 AChE = 1,7 ± 0,1 μM, IC50 BuChE = 42,3 ± 1,3 μM) a huperzín A (IC50 AChE = 0,033 ± 0,001 μM, IC50 BuChE > 500 μM). Inhibičná aktivita voči POP bola porovnávaná so...cs_CZ
uk.abstract.enPuskásová Dominika: Alkaloids of the Amaryllidaceae family and their biological activity I. Diploma thesis 2019. Charles university in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Department of Pharmacognosy. The aim of this thesis was to isolate alkaloids from herbal extract, which was obtained from Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'Dutch Master' plant. The preparation and column chromatography of the extract were performed by PharmDr. Daniela Hulcová, Ph.D. as a part of her doctoral study. Using the preparative TLC method, 2 alkaloids marked as No.2.1 and 2.2.2 were isolated from the fraction No.4. Their structure was determined by using the NMR, GC-MS analysis and optical rotation. After comparing the data obtained with literature, the compounds were identified as (+)-homolycorine and (+)-masonine. Both homolycorine and masonine were subsequently subject to testing of inhibitory activity against acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), prolyloligopeptidase (POP) and glycogensynthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β). The activity was expressed as IC50 and was compared to IC50 of the reference substances. Galanthamine (IC50 AChE = 1,7 ± 0,1 μM, IC50 BuChE = 42,3 ± 1,3 μM) and huperzine A (IC50 AChE = 0,033 ± 0,001 μM, IC50 BuChE > 500 μM) were used as standards to compare the inhibitory activity...en_US
uk.file-availabilityV
uk.grantorUniverzita Karlova, Farmaceutická fakulta v Hradci Králové, Katedra farmakognoziecs_CZ
thesis.grade.code1
dc.contributor.consultantHulcová, Daniela
uk.publication-placeHradec Královécs_CZ
uk.thesis.defenceStatusO


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